The area of the Brabant Escarpment (Brabantse Wal) is particularly notable for its steepness, an abrupt transition from the higher sandy soils to the lower sea clay polders. Near Woensdrecht, the terrain on the Hoogenberg climbs to as much as 39 meters above sea level (NAP).
The area is characterized by an alternation of woodland, heathland, shifting sands and fens. Scattered over the Brabants Escarpment are stately country houses including estate Mattemburgh. More to the north lie remnants of defense lines from the 16th century (for example, Fort De Roovere) and later, the Zuiderwaterlinie.
This land is also known for its exceptional asparagus cultivation, a high quality ingredient for numerous regional dishes.
This escarpment, also called "hoge rand" and "zoom", was created by erosion of the river Scheldt. The connection with the Scheldt is clear due to the location of the Late Pleistocene Scheldt at the foot of the Wall, resulting in further erosion of the escarpment, as well as deposition of important river dune complexes on the high side of the Wall. After the climb, the landscape reverts to extensive polders.
The Brabant Escarpment is the western boundary of the higher Brabant sandy plateau. The area extends from the extreme west of the province of Noord-Brabant, across the Belgian border in the south, to the polder area around Steenbergen in the north. The steep edge runs from Ossendrecht along Hoogerheide, Woensdrecht, Bergen op Zoom and Halsteren to Steenbergen.